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Mücevher Taşlarının özellikleri

Taş

Renk

Sertlik

KI Biref. ÖA Kristal sistem Kimyasal formül

Amber

-

K

T

S

-

-

Kr

-

-

2 1/2

1.54

I

1.05-1.10

non-kristalin

organik, fosil

Andalusit

-

K

T

S

Y

-

Kr

Gr

Si

7 1/2

1.63-1.64 B-

0.007-0.013

3.15-3.20

ortorombik

Aluminium silikat

Apatit   (örnek)

-

K

-

S

Y

M

Kr

Mr

-

5

1.63-1.64 U-

0.002-0.006

3.17-3.23

heksagonal

-

Beril

Rz

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

Gr

-

7 - 7 1/2

1.56-1.59 U

.004 -.009

2.7to2.9

heksagonal

Be3Al2(SiO3)6

Cam doğal

-

-

-

-

Y

-

Kr

-

Si

5 - 51/2

1.50

I

2.4

non-kristalin

-

Cam artifisyel

Her renk

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.0 - 2.2

1.50ten1.70e

I

2.0-4.2

non-kristalin

-

Diopsid

-

-

-

S

Y

-

-

-

Si

5 1/2

1.67-1.70 B+

0.024-0.030

3.26-3.32

monoklinik

-

Elmas

Rz

K

-

S

Y

-

Kr

Gr

Si

10

2.42

I

3.52

kübik

C

Fildişi

-

-

-

S

-

-

Kr

Be

-

2 - 3

1.53ten1.57e

I

1.7-2.0

non-kristalin

organik, fosil

Feldsparlar

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ortoklaz

Rz

T

S

-

-

Kr

Be

Gr

6 - 6 1/2

1.518-1.526 B-

0.005-0.008

2.58

monoklinik

KalSi3O8

Mikroklin

-

-

-

-

Y

M

Be

6 - 6 1/2

1.522-1.530 B-

0.008

2.56

monoklinik

-

Labradorit

-

-

T

S

Y

M

Kr

Gr

Si

6 - 6 1/2

1.559-1.568 B+

0.009

2.70

triklinik

-

Oligoklaz

-

K

T

S

Y

-

Kr

Gr

-

6 - 6 1/2

1.539-1.547

0.007-0.010

2.65

triklinik

Ca veya NaAlSi3O8

Florit

Mr

-

-

-

Y

M

-

Vi

-

4

1.43 ten1.44e

I

3.0-3.2

kübik

CaF2

Garnet grubu

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

almandin

Mr

K

-

-

-

-

Kr

-

-

7 1/2

1.76dan1.81e

I

3.8-4.2

kübik

Fe3Al2(SiO4)3

grosular

-

-

T

S

Y

-

Kr

-

-

7 1/4

1.74ten1.75e

I

3.60to3.70

kübik

Ca3Al2(SiO4)3

pyrop

-

K

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7 1/4

1.74ten1.76e

I

3.7-3.8

kübik

Mg3Al2(SiO4)3

spessertin

-

K

T

-

-

-

Kr

-

-

7 1/4

1.80den1.82e

I

4.2

kübik

Mn3Al2(SiO4)3

andradit

-

-

-

S

Y

-

Kr

-

-

6 1/2

1.89

I

3.85

kübik

Ca3Fe2(SiO4)3

Hematit

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Gr

Si

5 1/2 - 6 1/2

2.940-3.220

AGG

5

heksagonal

-

Idokraz

-

-

-

S

Y

-

Kr

Gr

-

6 1/2

1.713-1.718U

0.001-0.012

3.40

tetragonal

-

İolit

-

-

-

-

-

M

Kr

Vi

-

7 - 7 1/2

1.54-1.56B-

0.008-0.012

2.57-2.61

ortorombik

-

Kalsit

Rz

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

Vi

Gr

3

1.48-1.66 U-

0.172

2.58-2.75

heksagonal

-

Korundum

Rz

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

Vi

Gr

9

1.76-1.78 U

.008

4

trigonal

Al2O3

Krisoberil

Mr

K

-

S

Y

M

Kr

-

-

8 1/2

1.74-1.75 B

.009

3.72

ortorombik

BeAl2O4

Kuartz

Rz

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

Vi

Gr

7

1.544-1.553 U

0.009

2.65

trigonal

SiO2

Kuartz polikristalin

Be

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

Vi

Gr

6 - 7

1.53 to 1.54 U

0.009

2.60

-

-

Lapis lazuli

-

-

-

-

-

M

-

Vi

-

5 1/2

1.50

AGG

2.70-2.90

kübik

-

Malahit

-

-

-

-

Y

-

-

-

-

4

1.85

AGG

3.60-4.0

monoklinik

CaMg(SiO3)

Nefrit

-

-

K

-

Y

Kr

Be

Gr

Si

6 1/2

1.62

AGG

2.80-3.10

monoklinik

-

Opal

Rz

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

Mr

Gr

6

1.45

I

bl,wh 2.10 fire 2

non-kristalin

(MgFe)2(SiO3)4

Peridot

-

-

-

S

Y

-

Kr

-

-

6 1/2

1.65-1.69 B-veya+

0.035

3.35

ortorombik

(Mg,Fe)2SiO4

Pirit

-

-

-

S

-

-

-

-

-

6 1/2

I

5

kübik

-

Rodokrosit

-

K

-

-

-

-

Be

-

-

4

1.59-1.82 U-

0.220

3.5-3.7

heksagonal

-

Rodonit

-

K

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

1.733-1.747 B+

0.010-0.014

3.6-3.7

triklinik

-

Skapolit

Rz

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

-

-

6

1.54-1.58 U-

0.004-0.037

2.50-2.74

tetragonal

-

Serpantin

-

-

-

S

Y

-

Kr

Be

Si

5

1.56

AGG

2.6

monoklinik

-

Sinhalit

-

-

-

S

-

-

Kr

-

-

6 1/2

1.67-1.71 B-

0.038

3.47-3.50

ortorombik

-

Sodalit

-

-

-

-

-

M

-

Vi

-

5 1/2 - 6

1.48

I veya AGG

2.3

kübik

-

Spodumen

Rz

K

T

S

Y

M

-

Vi

Gr

7

1.66-1.68 B+

0.015-0.016

3.17-3.19

monoklinik

-

Spinel

Mr

K

T

Y

M

Vi

Si

8

1.712

I

3.60

kübik

Al(F,OH)2SiO4

Tanzanit (zoizit)

-

-

T

-

Y

M

Kr

Vi

Gr

6 1/2

1.69-1.70 B+

0.006-0.013

3.15-3.38

ortorombik

-

Topaz

Rz

K

T

S

-

M

Kr

Vi

-

8

1.61to1.64 B

0.008-0.010

3.53

ortorombik

Al2(Fe,OH)2SiO4

Turmalin

-

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

Vi

Si

7

1.62to1.65 U

0.018

3.01to3.11

trigonal

-

Türkuaz

-

-

-

-

Y

M

-

-

-

5 1/2 - 6

1.62

AGG

2.6-2.9

triklinik

NaAl(SiO3)

Yeşim

Be

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

Vi

Si

7

1.65to1.67

AGG

3.30-3.36

monoklinik

NaAl(SiO3)2

Zirkon

Rz

K

T

S

Y

M

Kr

-

-

6 1/2 - 7 1/2

(1.78-1.84)(1.93-1.99)U

0.059

3.9to4.7

tetragonal

ZrSiO4